If an abnormal area of cells is found, a small sample may be taken and sent to the laboratory for analysis. This is known as a punch biopsy. The result from the biopsy may show that the cells have undergone certain changes known as “Cervical Intra-epithelial Neoplasia (CIN)” or cancerous changes.
HUMAN PAPILLOMA VIRUS (HPV)
- About 40 types of HPV can infect the human genital area — the vulva, vagina, cervix, rectum, anus, penis, and scrotum.
- There are high-risk types — associated with cervical cancer and less commonly with anal, vulvar, vaginal and oral (mouth and throat) cancers.
- There are low-risk types — associated with genital warts.
HOW COMMON IS HPV
- It is very common among sexually active people.
- Three out of four people have HPV at some point in their lives.
HOW DO PEOPLE GET HPV
- Most commonly, from vaginal and anal intercourse.
- Less commonly, from skin-to-skin genital contact or oral sex.
HOW DO I KNOW IF I HAVE HPV
- Most people never know.
- You may get genital warts.
- You may have an abnormal Pap that is caused by HPV.
- You may get a positive HPV test.
CAN I GET TESTED FOR HPV
- Yes. We can do the test.
HOW CAN I REDUCE MY RISK OF GETTING HPV
- Practice abstinence.
- Have a mutually monogamous relationship.
- Use condoms every time.
- Get the HPV vaccine.
CAN I FIND OUT WHO GAVE ME HPV
- No, it could be from any previous partner that you’ve had.
WHAT ARE THE NAMES OF THE HPV VACCINES
- New vaccines may be available in a few years time.
WHO SHOULD GET THE VACCINE
- Women between the ages of 9 and 26 can receive the vaccine.
- Men between the ages of 9 and 26 can receive Gardasil.
- Ideally, the vaccine should be given before the onset of sexual activity, but women and men who are sexually active can still be vaccinated.
- It is licensed to be used up to the age of 45.
I’M OLDER THAN 26, CAN I GET THE HPV VACCINE
- Yes. It is approved for women and men to age 26, but older people may be candidates to receive the vaccine.
Talk with our Consultant to know more about the vaccine
HOW SAFE IS THE VACCINE
HOW IS THE VACCINE GIVEN
- It is a series of three injections in a six-month period given in the upper, outer part of the arm.